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Links to Publications



"Avoiding The Ask: A Field Experiment on Altruism, Empathy, and Charitable Giving.'' with Justin M. Rao, and Hannah Trachtman, forthcoming, Journal of Political Economy, June 2017, vol 125, no. 3.

Press Coverage:  New York Times Magazine, Wall Street Journal

"All Pay Auctions and Group Size: Grading on a Curve and other Applications" with Andy Brownback, forthcoming in Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 2017.

"Diversity and Donations: The Effect of Religious and Ethnic Diversity on Charitable Giving." with A. Abigail Payne, Justin Smith, and David KarpJournal of Economic Behavior & Organization 128,  2016, 47-58

      Press Coverage: Freakonomics, Macleans.ca, NBER Digest March 2012


The Economics of Philanthropy and Fundraising, Volume I: Theory and Policy Toward Giving, James Andreoni, ed., Cheltenham, United Kingdom: Edward Elgar Publishing, ISBN-13: 978-1782546054, 2015.

The Economics of Philanthropy and Fundraising, Volume II: Fundraising and the Sociality of Giving, James Andreoni, ed., Cheltenham, United Kingdom: Edward Elgar Publishing, ISBN-10: 1782546057, 2015.

“The Economics of Charity and Philanthropy.” in J.D. Wright, Ed. The International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2nd Edition, Oxford, United Kingdom, 2015.

Fair Weather Avoidance: Unpacking Costs and Benefits in a Replication of ‘Avoiding the Ask’.” with Hannah Trachtman, Andrew Steinkruger, Mackenzie Wood, Adam Wooster, Jim Murphy, and Justin M. Rao, Journal of the Economic Science Association, forthcoming 2015.

Gunning for Efficiency with Third Party Enforcement in Threshold Public Goods.” with Laura K. Gee, Experimental Economics, 2015, 18, 154-171: 1-18.

“Measuring Time Preferences: A Comparison of Experimental Methods.” with Michael Kuhn and Charles Sprenger, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 2015, 116, 451-464.    Get the full toolkit for replication.

"Do grants to charities crowd out other income? Evidence from the UK." with Sarah Smith and A. Abigail Payne, Journal of Public Economics, 114 (2014): 75-86.

Gun For Hire: Delegated Enforcement and Peer Punishment in Public Goods Provision", with Laura K. Gee,  Journal of Public Economics, 2012, 96, 1036-1046. .  Appendix: Instructions    Appendix: Proofs
    Press Coverage: Vox

"Estimating Time Preferences from Convex Budgets." with Charles Sprenger, American Economic Review, 2012,  102(7): 3333-56.
    *Subjects Instructions for Computer Version.

"Risk Preferences are Not Time Preferences:  with Charles Sprenger,  American Economic Review, 2012, 102(7): 3357-76.

"Diverging Opinions." with Tymofiy Mylovanov, American Economic Journal: Microeconomics 4.1 (2012): 209-232.



"The Power of Asking: How Communication Affects Selfishness, Empathy, and Altruism." with Justin Rao,   Journal of Public Economics , v. 95, 2011, 513-520.
    Press Coverage: Freakonomics, Vox, Wall Street Journal

"Is Crowding Out Due Entirely to Fundraising?  Evidence from a Panel of Charities" with A. Abigail Payne, revision, February 2009. (Formerly titled "Crowding out Both Sides of the Philanthropy Market: Evidence from a Panel of Charities" ) Journal of Public Economics, v. 95, June 2011, 334-343.
     Press Coverage: Newsweek

"Social Image and the 50-50 Norm: A Theoretical and Experimental Analysis of Audience Effects."  with B. Douglas Bernheim. Econometrica, 77, no. 5, September 2009, 1607-1636.
   *Subjects' Instructions.   Supplemental Materials   Old 2007 Version.

"Revealing Preferences for Fairness in Ultimatum Bargaining: Parametric and Nonparametric Estimates of Utility'' Marco Castillo and Ragan Petrie,  Korean Economic Review, 25, Summer 2009, 35-64.
    * Reviewed on NAJ Economics, 2005, volume 9
    *Proposers' Instructions, Responders' Instructions for the Standard Game 
     * Non-Parametric estimates of best-reply functions
for all subjects.

"Beauty, Gender and Stereotypes: Evidence From Laboratory Experiments." with Ragan Petrie. Journal of Economic Psychology, v. 29, 2008, 73-93.
    * Subjects' Instructions for the Information-and-Photos condition. 

"Partners versus Strangers: The Effect of Random Rematching in Public Goods Experiments." With Rachel Croson, in: C.R. Plott and V.L. Smith, editors, Handbook of Experimental Economics Results, Volume 1. Amsterdam: North-Holland, 2008, p. 776-783.

"Analyzing Choice with Revealed Preference: Is Altruism Rational?" with John Miller, in: C.R. Plott and V.L. Smith, editors, Handbook of Experimental Economics Results, Volume 1. Amsterdam: North-Holland, 2008, p. 481-487


"Giving Gifts to Groups: How Altruism Depends on the Number of Recipients"  Journal of Public Economics, v. 91, September 2007,1731-1749 pdf
    *Subjects' Instructions for reciprocal matching and circular matching conditions
    *Appendix table with CES estimates for each subject

"Twenty Surprising Years of BBV", Guest Editor's introduction to J. Andreoni and R. Kanbur, Eds., Special Issue Celebrating the 20th Anniversary of Bergstrom, Blume, and Varian's 'On the Private Provision of Public Goods.'  Journal of Public Economics, v. 91, September 2007, 1643-1644. pdf

"Asymmetric Information about Rivals’ Types in Standard Auctions: An Experiment." with Yeon-Koo Che and Jinwoo Kim, Games and Economic Behavior, v. 59, 2007, 240-259. pdf
    *Subjects' Instructions: 1st Price Auction, 2nd Price Auction

"Charitable Giving." prepared for The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, 2nd Edition, 2007 pdf

"Altruism in Experiments." with William T. Harbaugh and Lise Vesterlund, prepared for The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, 2nd Edition, 2007  pdf

"Testing Subgame Perfection Apart From Fairness in Ultimatum Games."  with Emily Blanchard, Experimental Economics, v 9, December 2006, 307-321. pdf
    * Subjects' Instructions: regular, round-robin, tournament

"Philanthropy."   in S-C. Kolm and J. Mercier Ythier, eds.,  Handbook of Giving, Reciprocity and Altruism, Amsterdam: North Holland, 2006, page 1201-1269. Link to Science Direct  

"Building Rational Cooperation" with Larry Samuelson.  Journal of Economic Theory, 127, 2006, p 117-154. pdf 
    * Subjects' Instructions.
Reviewed on NAJ Economics, 2003, volume 6
 Subjects' Instructions.

"Leadership Giving in Charitable Fund-Raising." Journal of Public Economic Theory, 8 (1), 2006, 1-22. pdf

"Book Review: What Price the Moral High Ground?, by Robert Frank." Journal of Economic Literature, September 2005.

"Experimental Approaches to Public Economics: Guest Editors' Introduction." Journal of Public Economics, 89, 2005, 1355-1359. pdf

"Public Goods Experiments Without Confidentiality: A Glimpse Into Fund-Raising."  with Ragan Petrie.  Journal of Public Economics, 88(7-8), 2004, 1605-1623.   pdf    Subjects' Instructions for the Information-and-Photos condition. 


"What do Bargainers' Preferences Look Like? Exploring a Convex Ultimatum Game." with Marco Castillo and Ragan Petrie.  American Economic Review, 93(3), June 2003, 672-685.   pdf   Subjects' Instructions: Convex Game or Regular Game

"Do Government Grants to Private Charities Crowd Out Giving or Fundraising?" with Abigail Payne, August 2001. American Economic Review, 93(3), June 2003, 792-812. pdf

"The Carrot or the Stick: Rewards, Punishments and Cooperation." with William T. Harbaugh and Lise Vesterlund,  American Economic Review, 93(3), June 2003, 893-902.  pdf    Subjects' Instructions for Carrot-Stick condition.

"Charitable Giving by Married Couples: Who Decides and Why Does it Matter?" with Eleanor Brown and Isaac Rischall, Journal of Human Resources, 38(1), Winter 2003, 111-133. pdf   Appendix Tables

"What Makes an Allocation Fair? Some Experimental Evidence." with Paul Brown and Lise Vesterlund, Games and Economic Behavior, 40, July 2002, 1-24. pdf  data.

"Giving According to GARP: An Experimental Test of the Consistency of Preferences for Altruism.'' with J.H.Miller, Econometrica, v. 70, no.2, March 2002, 737-753. pdf   Subjects' Instructions   Technical Appendixdata.

"The Economics of Philanthropy.'' in N. Smeltser, P. Baltes, eds., International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Elsevier: Oxford, 2001, 11369-11376. pdf

"The Simple Analytics of the Environmental Kuznets Curve." with Arik Levinson, Journal of Public Economics, v. 80, May 2001, 269-286. pdf

"Which is the Fair Sex? Gender Differences in Altruism.'' with Lise Vesterlund, Quarterly Journal of Economics, v.116, February 2001, 293-312. pdf  data. subjects' instructions.


"Pre-Play Contracting in the Prisoners' Dilemma.'' with H.R.Varian, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v.96, September 1999, 10933-10938. pdf data (subjects' instructions are in the appendix to the paper).

"Toward a Theory of Charitable Fundraising.'' Journal of Political Economy, v.106, no.6, December 1998, 1186-1213. pdf

"An Econometric Analysis of Charitable Giving with Interdependent Preferences.'' with J.K. Scholz. Economic Inquiry, v.36, July 1998, 410-428. pdf

"Tax Compliance.'' with B.Erard and J.Feinstein. Journal of Economic Literature, v.36, June 1998, 818-860. pdf

    [Reprinted in S. James, ed., Taxation: Critical Perspectives on the World Economy, Routledge: London 2002, Volume III, p.3-55]

"Do Government Subsidies Increase the Private Supply of Public Goods?'' with T.C. Bergstrom, Public Choice, v.88, no.3-4, 1996, 295-308. pdf

"Cooperation in Public Goods Experiments: Kindness or Confusion?'' American Economic Review, v.85, no.4, September 1995, 891-904. pdf data (subjects' instructions are in the appendix to the paper)

    [Reprinted in T.Cowen and E.Crampton, eds., New Theories in Market Failure: A Critical Examination, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2002.]


"Auctions with Adaptive Artificial Agents.'' with J.H. Miller, Games and Economic Behavior, v.10, no.1, 1995, 39-64. pdf

"Warm-Glow versus Cold-Prickle: The Effects of Positive and Negative Framing on Cooperation in Experiments.'' Quarterly Journal of Economics, v.110, no.1, February 1995, 1-21. pdf  data  subjects' instructions.

"Criminal Deterrence in the Reduced Form: A New Perspective on Ehrlich's Seminal Study.'' Economic Inquiry, v.33, no.3, 1995, 476-483. pdf

"Auction Experiments in Artificial Worlds.'' with J. H. Miller, Cuadernos Economicos, special issue on experimental economics, M. Boldrin and M. Santos, Eds., v.54, no.2, 1994, 211-221.

"An Experimental Test of the Public Goods Crowding-Out Hypothesis.'' American Economic Review, v.83, no.5, December 1993, 1317-1327. pdf  data  subjects' instructions.

"Identifying the Free Riders: A Simple Algorithm for Determining Who Will Contribute to a Public Good,'' with Martin C. McGuire. Journal of Public Economics, v.51, no.3, July 1993, 447-454. pdf

"Rational Cooperation in the Finitely Repeated Prisoner's Dilemma: Experimental Evidence.'' with J.H.Miller. Economic Journal, v.103, May 1993, 570-585. pdf data. (subjects' instructions are in the appendix to the paper)

"IRS as Loan Shark: Tax Compliance with Borrowing Constraints.'' Journal of Public Economics, v.49, no.1, October 1992, 35-46. pdf


"Reasonable Doubt and the Optimal Magnitude of Fines: Should the Penalty Fit the Crime?'' RAND Journal of Economics, v.22, no.3, Autumn 1991, 385-395. pdf

"The Desirability of a Permanent Tax Amnesty.'' Journal of Public Economics, v.45, no. 2, July 1991, 143-160. pdf

"Can Evolutionary Dynamics Explain Free Riding in Experiments?'' with J.H.Miller.  Economics Letters, v.36, 1991, 9-15. pdf

"Impure Altruism and Donations to Public Goods: A Theory of Warm-Glow Giving.'' Economic Journal, v.100, June 1990, 464-477. pdf

    [Reprinted in N.Barr, ed., Economic Theory and the Welfare State, London: Edward Elgar, 2001.]

"Giving with Impure Altruism: Applications to Charity and Ricardian Equivalence.''  Journal of Political Economy, v.97, December 1989, 1447-58. pdf

"Why Free Ride? Strategies and Learning in Public Goods Experiments.'' Journal of Public Economics, v.37, no. 3, December 1988,  291-304. pdf data. subjects' instructions

    [Reprinted in E.L. Khalil, Trust: Critical Studies in Economic Institutions, London: Edward Elgar, 2002.  
Also reprinted in J.D.Hey and G.Loomes, eds., Recent Developments in Experimental Economics, London: Edward Elgar, 1993.]

"Privately Provided Public Goods in a Large Economy: The Limits of Altruism.'' Journal of Public Economics, v.35, February 1988, 57-73. pdf

Notes and Comments:

"Comment"  in A.H. Munnell and A. Sunden, ed., Death and Dollars: The Role of Gifts and Bequests in America, Brookings Institution: Washington, D.C., 2003. 

"Private Giving to Public Goods.'' Proceedings, from the 1987 Annual Conference of the National Tax Association-Tax Institute of America, 1988, 69-74. pdf

"Exact Consumer's Surplus and Deadweight Loss: A Comment.'' with R. Haveman and M. Gabay, American Economic Review, v. 77, June 1987, 494-495. pdf