Econ 264                                                                         Winter 2011
Experimental Economics

Professor James Andreoni  -  215 Econonomics Building -

Course Description: This course will be a survey of some of the recent literature on Experimental Economics. The background for the course is graduate microeconomic theory and game theory.

Text: There is no text for the course, but students are encouraged to purchase these:

 John Kagel and Alvin Roth, Handbook of Experimental Economics, Princeton, 1995.

Camerer, Colin, Behavioral Game Theory, New York, Russell Sage & Princeton University Press, 2003.

Format: This course will be taught in a seminar format, with plenty of interaction and discussion among the students.  Students will be expected to make at least one presentation during the term, leading the discussion on a paper or topic. Students are expected to read the assigned papers before each meeting.

Course Project: There will be no exams for the course, but students will be required to submit a course project. Students must complete two projects.

PROJECT 1: Write a paper that surveys the literature on one area of interest of any topic concerning experimental economics, and to suggest tests of open questions.  Topics need not be restricted to those covered in the course, but should be approved by Professor Andreoni.  Maximum length should be 10 pages.

PROJECT 2: Design an experiment.  The design should include a statement of the research question, a prediction based in economic theory, the task the subjects will complete, a sketch of the protocol (instructions for subjects, directions for experimenters), number of subjects per condition, and a description of how the data will be analyzed to test the prediction. Students are encouraged to work in pairs to design their studies.  At the end of the semester, each team of designers must present their experimental ideas to the class.

Course Outline: Following is a course outline. This is a living document that will likely change and evolve as the semester proceeds-expect updates often. There are far too many papers listed here to cover in one quarter, so as the term progresses we will respond to both time and student interest to direct our attention and the depth of our discussions on the topics below.                      




0        Background and Introduction

A.     Best Practices for Designing and Running Experiments (According to Jim)

I         Individual Decisions

A.     Can People Optimize?

B.     Endowment Effect

C.     Beliefs

1.      Measuring Beliefs

2.      Over-Confidence

3.      Belief Polarization

D.     Risk

E.      Time

II      Strategic Play

A.     Coordination

B.     Subgame Perfection

1.      Beauty Contest

2.      Centipede Game

3.      Backward Induction

C.     Learning and Sophistication

1.      Adaptive and Evolutionary Learning

2.      Belief Based Learning

3.      Reinforcement Based Learning

4.      Combinations of Belief and Reinforcement

5.      Quantile Response Equilibrium

6.      Level K

D.     Information and Signaling

E.      Auctions

F.      Altruism, Fairness, and Trust

1.      Ultimatum Games

2.      Dictator Games

3.      Trust Games

4.      Anonymity and Social Distance

5.      Models of Inequality Aversion

6.      A Rational Approach to Giving and Altruism

7.      Altruism and the Number of Recipients

8.      Sociality of Giving

G.     Public Goods

1.      Linear

2.      Provision Point

3.      Mechanism Design

4.      Fund-raising & Experiments

H.     Building Cooperation

1.      Reputation Building

2.      Sorting

3.      Punishments and Rewards

4.      Governing Ourselves

I.        Economics and Sociology?

1.      Communication and Altruism

2.      Communication and Coordination

3.      Deception

4.      Networks

III   Other Stuff That Shouldn’t Matter But Does

A.     Sex and Beauty

B.     Preferences for Competition

C.     Race

D.     Audience



Experimental Economics
Econ 264 – Winter 2011


0. Background and Introduction


Roth, A.E., "On the Early History of Experimental Economics," Journal of the History of Economic Thought, 15, Fall 1993, 184-209.


Larry Samuelson, Economic Theory and Experimental Economics,” Journal of Economic Literature, 43 (2005), 65-107.


Rabin, Matthew. “Psychology and Economics,” J Economic Literature, March 1998, 11-46.


Kahneman, “Maps of bounded rationality: Psychology for behavioral economics.” AER, Dec 2003, 1449-1475. (Nobel lecture)


Binmore, Ken, “Economic Man – or Straw Man? Commentary on Heinrich, et al.” Behavioral and Brain Science (2005) 28, 815-818.  And more completely at economicman.pdf


Ralph Hertwig and Andreas Ortmann, “Experimental practices in economics: A methodological challenge for psychologists?”  Behavioral and Brain Sciences, Volume 24, Issue 03, June 2001, pp 383-403


Roth, A.E., "Lets Keep the Con out of Experimental Econ.: A Methodological Note" Empirical Economics (Special Issue on Experimental Economics), 1994, 19, 279-289.


0.A.     Best Practices for Designing and Running Experiments (According to Jim)


No papers.


I.          Individual Decisions


I.A.      Can People Optimize?


No papers.


I.B.      Endowment Effect


Kahneman, D., J. Knetsch, and R. Thaler (1991), .The Endowment Effect, Loss Aver-

sion, and the Status Quo Bias., Journal of Economic Perspectives, 5, 198-206


Jack L. Knetsch  “The Endowment Effect and Evidence of Nonreversible Indifference Curves” The American Economic Review, Vol. 79, No. 5. (Dec., 1989), pp. 1277-1284. [Article ]

Anomalies: The Endowment Effect, Loss Aversion, and Status Quo Bias Daniel Kahneman, Jack L. Knetsch, Richard H. Thaler. The Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 5, No. 1. (Winter, 1991), pp. 193-206. [ Article ]

Richard H. Thaler and Shlomo Benartzi  Save More Tomorrow™: Using Behavioral Economics to Increase Employee Saving The Journal of Political Economy
Vol. 112, No. S1, Papers in Honor of Sherwin Rosen: A Supplement to Volume 112 (February 2004), pp. S164-S187


William T. Harbaugh, Kate Krause, Lise Vesterlund, Are adults better behaved than children? Age, experience, and the endowment effect, Economics Letters (70)2 (2001) pp. 175-181. [Article]

List, J. (2003) “The Effect of Market Experience on the WTA/WTP disparity: Evidence from the Field,” Quarterly Journal of Economics.

Engelmann, Dirk and Guillaume Hollard (2010). “Reconsidering the Effect of Market Experience on the ‘Endowment Effect,’” Econometrica, forthcoming. [link]


Plott, Charles R. and Kathryn Zeiler (2007). “Exchange Asymmetries Incorrectly Interpreted as Evidence of Endowment Effect Theory and Prospect Theory?” The American Economic Review 97 (4), 1449-1466. [link]


Plott, Charles R. and Kathryn Zeiler (2005). “The Willingness to Pay—Willingness to Accept Gap, the ‘Endowment Effect,’ Subject Misconceptions, and Experimental Procedures for Eliciting Valuations,” The American Economic Review 95 (3), 530-545. [link]




I.C.1.   Measuring Beliefs


No articles?


1.C.2.  Over-Confidence


Roland Benabou and Jean Tirole, “Self-Confidence and Personal Motivation” Quarterly Journal of Economics, August 2002


Muhamet Yildiz, “Wishful Thinking in Strategic Enviornments”, working paper.


Muhamet Yildiz, “Bargaining without a common prior-an immediate agreement theorem,” Econometrica; May 2003; 71, 3; pg. 793-811.


Muhamet Yildiz, “Waiting to Persuade” Quarterly Journal of Economics, February 2004


Cade Massey, Richard H. Thaler, “The Loser’s Curse: Overconfidence vs. Market Efficiency in the National Football League DraftApril 2, 2005


Claes Bengtsson,, Mats Persson, Peter Willenhag,  “Gender and overconfidence” Economics Letters 86 (2005) 199–203


Camerer, Colin, and D. Lovallo (1999) “Overconfidence and Excess Entry: An Experimental Approach,” American Economic Review, 89:1 (March), 306-318.


I.C.3.   Belief Polarization


No articles


I.D.      Risk


A whole bunch of stuff.


John A. List, 2004. "Neoclassical Theory Versus Prospect Theory: Evidence from the Marketplace," Econometrica, vol. 72(2), pages 615-625.


I.E.      Time


The time-additive stationary model: Varian, Microeconomic Analysis, 3rd ed. Pages 358-359.


Robert Strotz (1956), .Myopia and Inconsistency in Dynamic Utility Maximization.,

Review of Economic Studies, 23, 165-180


Battigali, P. (1997) “Dynamic Inconsistency and Imperfect Recall." Games and Economic Behavior 20, 31-50.


Laibson, D. “Golden eggs and hyperbolic discounting”, QJE, v112 n2, May 1997, p.443-77.


Gruber and Köszegi, “Is Addiction "Rational"? Theory and Evidence,” QJE, November 1991 .


Ted O'Donoghue and Matthew Rabin. "Choice and Procrastination," Quarterly Journal of Economics, 2002.


Ted O.Donaghue and Matthew Rabin (1996), .Doing It Now or Later., American Eco-

nomic Review, 89, 103-124


II. Strategic Play


II.A.    Coordination


Ochs, Jack, “Coordination.” In KR.


Van Huyck, AER


Van Huyck, J.B., J.M. Wildenthal and R.C. Battalio (2002). “Tacit Cooperation, Strategic

Uncertainty, and Coordination Failure: Evidence From Repeated Dominance Solvable

Games.” Games and Economic Behavior 38, 156-175.


Charlie Holt and J. Goeree "An Experimental Study of Costly Coordination,"  Games and Economic Behavior, (special issue in honor of Richard McKelvey) 2005 (2), 349-364.


Roberto Weber, AER 2006.


II.B.    Subgame Perfection


II.B.1  Beauty Contest


Nagel, Rosemarie (1995). “Unraveling in Guessing Games: An Experimental Study,” American Economic Review 85, 1313-1326.


II.B.2. Centipede Game


McKelvey, Richard D. and Thomas R. Palfrey (1992), “An Experimental Study of the Centipede Game,” Econometrica 60, 803-836.


Fey, Mark, Richard D. McKelvey, and Thomas R. Palfrey (1996). “An Experimental Study of Constant-Sum Centipede Games,” International Journal of Game Theory 25, 269-297.


Palacios-Huerta, Ignacio and Oscar Volij (2009). “Field Centipedes,” American Economic Review 99, 1619-1635.


II.B.3. Backward Induction


Levitt, Steven D., John A. List, and Sally E. Sadoff (2010). “Checkmate: Exploring Backward Induction Among Chess Players,” American Economic Review, forthcoming.


II.C.    Learning and Sophistication


II.C.1  Adaptive and Evolutionary Learning


Miller and Andreoni, “Can Evolutionary Dynamics Explain Free Riding in Experiments?” Economics Letters, 1991, 36, 9-15

Andreoni, James and John H. Miller, “Auctions with Artificial Adaptive Agents.” GEB, 10, 1995, 39-64.

Binmore, Ken, John Gale, and Larry Samuelson, “Learning to be Imperfect: The Ultimatum Game.” GEB, 1995.

Crawford, Vincent P. “Adaptive Dynamics in Coordination Games.” Econometrica, January 1995, 103-43.

Van Huyck, John B., Joseph Cook and Raymond C. Battalio, “Selection Dynamics, Asymptotic Stability, and Adaptive Behavior.” JPE, 102, 1994, 975-1005.


II.C.2  Belief Based Learning


Fudenberg, Drew and David Levine, “Measuring Players' Losses in Experimental Games.” QJE, 1997, 507-536.

Mookherjee, Dilip and Barry Sopher, “Learning and Decision Costs in Experimental Constant Sum Games.” GEB, April 1997, 97-132.

Stahl, Dale O., “Boundedly Rational Rule Learning in a Guessing Game,” GEB, 1996, 303-330.


II.C.3. Reinforcement Based Learning


Roth, Alvin and Ido Erev, “Learning in Extensive-Form Games: Experimental Data and Simple Dynamic Models in the Intermediate Term.” GEB, January 1995, 164-212.

Erev, Ido and Alvin E. Roth, “Predicting How People Play Games: Reinforcement Learning in Experimental Games with Unique, Mixed Strategy Equilibria.” AER, 1998, 848-881.

Slonim, Robert and Alvin E. Roth, “Learning in High Stakes Ultimatum Games: An Experiment in the Slovak Republic.” Econometrica, 1998, 569-596.


II.C.4. Combinations of Belief and Reinforcement


Camerer, Colin and Teck-Hua Ho, “Experience-weighted Attraction Learning in Normal Form Games.” Econometrica, 1999, 827-874.

Feltovich, Nick, “Reinforcement-Based vs. Belief-Based Learning Models in Experimental Asymmetric-Information Games.” Econometrica, 2000, 605-642.


II.C.5. Quantile Response Equilibrium


McKelvey and Palfrey, “Quantal Response Equilibria for Normal Form Games.” GEB, July 1995, 6-38.

Charles Holt, Jacob Goeree and Tom Palfrey, "Regular Quantal Response Equilibrium" Experimental Economics, 2006.


Charlie Holt and Jacob Goeree, "A Model of Noisy Introspection", Games and Economic Behavior, 2004, 46(2), 281-294.


Charlie Holt and Jacob Goeree, "Ten Little Treasures of Game Theory, and Ten Intuitive Contradictions," American Economic Review, December 2001, 1402-1422.


II.C.6. Level K


Camerer, Colin F., Teck-Hua Ho, and Juin-Kuan Chong. “A Cognitive Hierarchy Model for Games,” Quarterly Journal of Economics 2004 119:3, 861-898


Costa-Gomes, Miguel A. and Vincent P. Crawford. “Cognition and Behavior in Two-Person Guessing Games: An Experimental Study,” American Economic Review 2006, 96, 1737-1768.


II.D.    Information and Signaling


Holt, Charlie and Lisa Anderson, “Information Cascades in the Laboratory," American Economic Review, December 1997,  847-862, received a 1999 ANBAR Citation of Excellence.


II.E.     Auctions


Kagel, John, “Auctions.” Chapter 7 in KR.

Richard H. Thaler, “Anomalies: The Winner's Curse.” Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 2, No. 1. (Winter, 1988), pp. 191-202.

Paul Milgrom, “Auctions and Bidding: A Primer (in Symposia: Auctions)” Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 3, No. 3. (Summer, 1989), pp. 3-22.

Lucking-Reiley, David, “Using Field Experiments to Test Equivalence Between Auction Formats: Magic on the Internet.” American Economic Review, December 1999.

John G. Riley, “Expected Revenue from Open and Sealed Bid Auctions (in Symposia: Auctions)” Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 3, No. 3. (Summer, 1989), pp. 41-50.

Kagel, Harstad and Levin, “Information Impact and Allocation Rules in Auctions with Affiliated Private Values: A laboratory Study.” Econometrica, 1987, 1275-1304.

Andreoni, James and John H. Miller, “Auctions with Artificial Adaptive Agents.” Games and Economic Behavior, 10, 1995, 39-64.

Levin, Dan, John Kagel, and Jean-Francois Richard, “Revenue Effects and Information Processing in English Common Value Auctions.” AER, 1996, 442-460.

Andreson, Simon P., Jacob K. Goeree and Charles A. Holt, “Rent Seeking with Bounded Rationality: An Analysis of the All-Pay Auction.” Journal of Political Economy, 1998, 828-853.

List, John A. and David Lucking-Reiley, “Demand Reduction in Multiunit Auctions: Evidence from a Sportscard Field Experiment.” AER, 2000, 961-972.

Kagel, John H. and Dan Levin, “Common Value Auctions with Insider Information.” Econometrica, 1999, 1219-1238.


Andreoni, James, Yeon-Koo Che and Jinwoo Kim "Asymmetric Information about Rivals’ Types in Standard Auctions: An Experiment." February 2005. 


II.F.     Altruism, Fairness, and Trust


II.F.1.  Ultimatum Games


Guth, Werner, R. Schmittberger, and B. Schwartz. “An Experimental Analysis of

Ultimatum Bargaining” Journal of Games and Economic Behavior, December

1982, 3(4), pp. 367—88.


Forsythe, Robert, Joel Horowitz, N.S. Savin and Martin Sefton. “Fairness in Simple Bargaining Games.” Games and Economic Behavior, May 1994, 6(3), pp. 347—69.


Ochs, Jack and Alvin E. Roth. “An Experimental Study of Sequential Bargaining.”

American Economic Review, June 1989, 79(3), pp. 355—84.


Roth, Alvin E., V. Prasnikar, M. Okunofujiwara and S. Zamir. “Bargaining and Market

Behavior in Jerusalem, Ljubljana, Pittsburgh, and Tokyo: An Experimental Study.” American Economic Review, December 1991, 81(5), pp. 1068—95.


Slonim, Robert and Alvin E. Roth, “Learning in High Stakes Ultimatum Games: An Experiment in the Slovac Republic.” Econometrica, 66, 3, May 1988, 569-96.


II.F.2.  Dictator Games


See above.


II.F.3. Trust Games


Berg, Joyce, John Dickhaut, and Kevin McCabe. “Trust, Reciprocity, and Social Norms,” Games and Economic Behavior, 1995, 10, 122-142.


Van Huyck, John B.; Battalio, Raymond C.; Walters, Mary F. “Commitment versus Discretion in the Peasant-Dictator Game.” Games and Economic Behavior, July 1995, 10(1), 143-70.


Ferh, Ernst, et al., “Does Fairness Prevent Market Clearing? An Experimental Investigation.” QJE, May 1993,437-59.


Glaeser, Edward L., David I. Laibson, José A. Scheinkman, and Christine Soutter, “Measuring Trust.” Quarterly Journal of Economics, August 2000, 115, 811–846.


Cox, James C. “How to Identify Trust and Reciprocity.” Games and Economic

Behavior, 2004, 46, 260–281.


Fehr, Ernst, Simon Gächter, and Georg Kirchsteiger. “Reciprocity as a Contract

Enforcement Device: Experimental Evidence.” Econometrica, 1997, 65, 833–860.


Bohnet,Iris, Bruno S. Frey, and Steffen Huck, “More Order with Less Law: On Contract Enforcement, Trust, and Crowding,” American Political Science Review, March 2001, 95(1), 131–144.


Andreoni, James "Trust, Reciprocity, and Contract Enforcement: Experiments on Satisfaction Guaranteed."  March 2005.


Sobel, Joel. “Interdependent Preferences and Reciprocity, ” Journal of Economic Literature, 2005.


Engelmann, Dirk and Andreas Ortmann, “The Robustness of Laboratory Gift Exchange: A Reconsideration,” Working Paper, CERGE-EI, Prague, Czech Republic, 2002.


Gneezy, Uri, and List, John A., “Putting Behavioral Economics to Work: Testing for Gift Exchange in Labor Markets Using Field Experiments.” Econometrica,. September 2006; 74(5): 1365-84


II.F.4.  Anonymity and Social Distance


Andreoni, James and B. Douglas Bernheim, “Social Image and the 50-50 Norm: A Theoretical and Experimental Analysis of Audience Effects,” Econometrica, 77, no. 5, September 2009, 1607-1636.

Ariely, Dan, Anat Bracha and Stephan Meier, “Doing Good or Doing Well? Image Motivation and Monetary Incentives in Behaving Prosocially,” IZA Discussion Paper No. 2968; FRB of Boston Working Paper No. 07-9. [link]

Hoffman, E, K. McCabe, K. Shachat, and V. Smith, “Preferences, Property Rights and Anonymity in Bargaining Games.” GEB, 1994, 346-380.

Hoffman, E, K. McCabe, and V. Smith, “Social Distance and Other Regarding Behavior in Dictator Games.” AER, 1996, 653-660.


Iris Bohnet, Bruno S. Frey, “Social Distance and other-regarding Behavior in Dictator Games: Comment,” American Economic Review, Vol. 89, No. 1 (Mar., 1999), pp. 335-339.

Bolton, Gary E., and Rami Zwick, “Anonymity versus Punishment in Ultimatum Bargaining.” GEB, 10, 1995, 95-121.

Bohnet, I., Frey, B., 1999a. “The sound of silence in prisoner’s dilemma and dictator games.” Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 38, 43– 57.


II.F.5. Models of Inequality Aversion


Fehr, Ernst & Schmidt, Klaus (1999), “A Theory of Fairness, Competition, and Cooperation,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 114, 817-868.


Bolton, Gary E. & Ockenfels, Axel (2000), “ERCžA Theory of Equity, Reciprocity and Competition,” American Economic Review, 90, 166-193.

Rabin, Matthew (1993), “Incorporating Fairness into Game Theory and Economics,” American Economic Review, 83, 1281-1302.

Charness, Gary & Matthew Rabin (2002), “Understanding Social Preferences with Simple Tests,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 117, 817-869.

Levine, D. (1998): “Modelling Altruism and Spitefulness in Game Experiments.” Review of Economic Dynamics, 1, 593–622.


Dufwenberg, M. & Kirchsteiger, G. “A Theory of Sequential Reciprocity,” Games and Economic Behavior 47 (2004), 268-98. [pdf].


Li, Jing "The Power of Convention: A Theory of Social Preferences," November 2005, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, forthcoming


Joel Sobel, “Putting Altruism in Context,” Brain and Behavioral Science, 2003


II.F.6.  A Rational Approach to Giving and Altruism


Andreoni, James, "Giving with Impure Altruism: Applications to Charity and Ricardian Equivalence.”  Journal of Political Economy, v.97, December 1989, 1447-58. pdf


Andreoni, James , "Impure Altruism and Donations to Public Goods: A Theory of Warm-Glow Giving.” Economic Journal, v.100, June 1990, 464-477. pdf


Andreoni, James, and  J.H. Miller,"Giving According to GARP: An Experimental Test of the Consistency of Preferences for Altruism.” Econometrica, v. 70, no.2, March 2002, 737-753. pdf


Andreoni, James, Marco Castillo, and Ragan Petrie. “What do Bargainers’ Preferences Look Like? Exploring a Convex Ultimatum Game.” American Economic Review, June 2003, 93(3), 672-685.


Andreoni, James, Marco Castillo, and Ragan Petrie. "Revealing Preferences for Fairness in Ultimatum Bargaining" Working paper, 2005.


II.F.7.  Altruism and the Number of Recipients


Andreoni, James, “Is Altruism Congestable?  On Giving and Group Size.” Draft, 2006.



II.F.8   Sociality of Giving


Dal Bó, Ernesto and Pedro Dal Bó (2009). “'Do the Right Thing:' The Effects of Moral Suasion on Cooperation,” NBER. [link]


Ellingsen, Tore and Robert Östling (2010). “When Does Communication Improve Coordination?” American Economic Review 100, 1695-1724. [link]


Ellingsen, Tore, Magnus Johannseson, Gaute Torsvik and Sigve Tjřtta (2010). “Testing Guilt Aversion,” Games and Economic Behavior 68, 95-107. [link]


Ellingsen, Tore, Anna Dreber, David Rand, Drew Fudenberg and Martin Nowak (2009). “Positive Interactions Promote Public Cooperation,” Science 325, 1272-1275. [link


Ellingsen, Tore and Magnus Johannessen (2008). “Pride and Prejudice: The Human Side of Incentive Theory,” American Economic Review, 98 (3), 990-1008. [link]


Ellingsen, Tore and Magnus Johannessen (2007). “Is Generosity Involuntary?” Economics Letters 94, 32-37. [link]


Andreoni, James and Justin Rao (2011). “The Power of Asking: How Communication Affects Selfishness, Empathy, and Altuism,” Journal of Public Economics, forthcoming.[link]


Andreoni, James and B. Douglas Bernheim, “Social Image and the 50-50 Norm: A Theoretical and Experimental Analysis of Audience Effects,” Econometrica, 77, no. 5, September 2009, 1607-1636.

Ariely, Dan, Anat Bracha and Stephan Meier, “Doing Good or Doing Well? Image Motivation and Monetary Incentives in Behaving Prosocially,” IZA Discussion Paper No. 2968; FRB of Boston Working Paper No. 07-9. [link]


Battigalli, Pierpaolo and Martin Dufwenberg (2007). “Guilt in Games,” The American Economic Review, 97(2):170–176.


Charness, G. and Dufwenberg, M. (2006). Promises and partnership. Econometrica, 74(6):1579–1601.


Charness, G. and Rabin, M. (2005). Expressed preference in experimental games. Games and Economic Behavior, 53.


Dana, J., Cain, D., and Dawes, R. (2006). What you don’t know won’t hurt me: Costly (but quiet) exit in dictator games. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 100(2):193–201.


Dana, J., Weber, R., and Kuang, J. (2007). Exploiting moral wiggle room: experiments demonstrating an illusory preference for fairness. Economic Theory, 33(1):67–80.


Harbaugh, W., Mayr, U., and Burghart, D. (2007). Neural responses to taxation and voluntary giving reveal motives for charitable donations. Science, 316(5831):1622.


Xiao, E. and Houser, D. (2005). Emotion expression in human punishment behavior. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 102(20):7398–7401.


II.G.    Public Goods


Ledyard, John, “Public Goods: A Survey of Experimental Research.” Chapter 2 in KR.


II.G.1. Linear


Marwell, Gerald and Ruth Ames, “Economists Free Ride, Does Anyone Else? Experiments on the Provision of Public Goods.” Journal of Public Economics, 1981, 295-310.

Isaac, R. Mark and James Walker, “Group Size Effects in Public Goods Provision: The Voluntary Contributions Mechanism.” QJE, 1988, 179-99.

Isaac, R. Mark and James Walker, and Arlingtion Williams, “Group Size and the Voluntary Provision of Public Goods: Experiments Utilizing Very Large Groups.” Journal of Public Economics, 1994, 54, 1-36.

Andreoni, James, “Why Free Ride?: Strategies and Learning in Public Goods Experiments.” Journal of Public Economics, 1988.

Andreoni, James, “Cooperation in Public Goods Experiments: Kindness or Confusion?” AER, 1995.

Andreoni, James, “Warm-glows versus Cold Prickles: The Effects of Positive and Negative Framing in Public Goods Experiments.” QJE, 1995.

Palfrey, Thomas and Jeffrey Prisbrey, “Anomalous Behavior in Public Goods Experiments: How Much and Why?” AER, December 1997, 829-46.

Palfrey, Thomas and Jeffrey Prisbrey, “Altruism, Reputation, and Noise in Linear Public Goods Experiments,” Journal of Public Economics, 61(3), September 1996, 409-27.

Andreoni, James, “An Experimental Test of the Public Goods Crowding Out Hypothesis.” AER, 1993.

Palfrey, Thomas and Howard Rosenthal, “Testing the Effects of Cheap Talk in a Public Goods Game with Private Information.” GEB, 3, 183-220.

Anderson, Simon P., Jacob K. Goeree and Charles A. Holt, “A Theoretical Analysis of Altruism and Decision Error in Public Goods Games.” Journal of Public Economics, 1998, 297-323.

Chalie Holt, J. Goeree and S. Laury, “Private Costs and Public Benefits: Unraveling the Effects of Altruism and Noisy Behavior," Journal of Public Economics, 83(2), 2002, 257-278.


II.G.2  Provision Point


Davis, Douglas and Charles Holt, Experimental Economics, Princetion: Princeton University press, pp. 338-343.

Dawes, Robin, John Orbell, R.T. Simmons, and A.J.C. van de Kragt, “Organizing Groups for Collective Action.” American Political Science Review, 80, 1986, 1171-85.

Bagnoli, Mark and Michael McKee, “Voluntary Contributions Games: Efficient Private Provision of Public Goods.” Economic Inquiry, 29, 1991, 351-366.

Bagnoli, Mark, Shaul Ben-David and Michael McKee, “Voluntary Provision of Public Goods: The Multiple Unit Case.” Journal of Public Economics, 47, 1994, 85-106.

Rondeau, Daniel, William D. Schulze and Gregory L. Poe, “Voluntary Revelation of the Demand for Public Goods Using a Provision Point Mechanism.” Journal of Public Economics, 1999, 455-470.

Rondeau, Daniel & Poe, Gregory L. & Schulze, William D. “VCM or PPM? A comparison of the performance of two voluntary public goods mechanisms,” Journal of Public Economics, 2005, Volume 89, Issue 8, 1581-1592.


II.G.3  Mechanism Design


Sefton, Martin and Abdullah Yavas, “Abreu-Matsushima Mechanisms: Experimental Evidence.” GEB, 16, 1996, 280-302.

Chen, Yan and Charles Plott, “The Groves-Ledyard Mechanism: An Experimental Study of Institutional Design.” Journal of Public Economics, 1996.

Chen, Yan and Fang-Fang Tang, “Learning and Incentive-Compatible Mechanisms for Public Goods Provision: An Experimental Study.” Journal of Political Economy, 1998, 633-662.


II.G.4. Fundraising and Experiments


John Morgan, “Financing Public Goods by Means of Lotteries,” Review of Economic Studies, 67 (2000), 761-84.


John Morgan and Martin Sefton, “Funding Public Goods with Lotteries: An Experiment,”, Review of Economic Studies, 67 (2000), 785-810.


Andreoni, James and Ragan Petrie."Public Goods Experiments Without Confidentiality:  A Glimpse Into Fund-Raising."   Journal of Public Economics, 88(7-8), 2004, 1605-1623.    


Lise Vesterlund, Jan Potters and Martin Sefton, “After you--endogenous sequencing in voluntary contribution games,” Journal of Public Economics, August 2005, 1399-1419.


Vesterlund, Lise, John Duffy and Jack Ochs, “Giving Little by Little: Dynamic Voluntary Contribution Games,” working paper, Download in PDF.


Duffy, John and Tatiana Kornienko, "Does Competition Affect Giving? An Experimental Study" July 2005. working paper.


Cinyabuguma, Matthias & Page, Talbot & Putterman, Louis, “Cooperation under the threat of expulsion in a public goods experiment,” Journal of Public Economics, 2005, Volume 89, Issue 8


Gailmard, Sean & Palfrey, Thomas R. “An experimental comparison of collective choice procedures for excludable public goodsJournal of Public Economics, 2005, Volume 89, Issue 8.


Eckel, Catherine C. & Grossman, Philip J. & Johnston, Rachel M., “An experimental test of the crowding out hypothesisJournal of Public Economics, 2005, Volume 89, Issue 8.


Jacob Goeree,  S. Onderstal, E. Maasland, and J. Turner, "How (Not) to Raise Money" Journal of Political Economy, 113(4), August 2005, 897-918.


II.H.    Building Cooperation


II.H.1. Reputation Building


Selten, R. and R. Stoecker (1986). “End Behavior in Sequences of Finite Prisoner’s

Dilemma Supergames. A Learning Theory Approach.” Journal of Economic Behavior

and Organization 7, 47-70.


Andreoni, James and  J.H.Miller."Rational Cooperation in the Finitely Repeated Prisoner's Dilemma: Experimental Evidence.” Economic Journal, v.103, May 1993, 570-585. pdf


Camerer, C., and K. Weigelt (1988). “Experimental Tests of the Sequential Equilibrium

Reputation Model.” Econometrica 56, 1-36.


Cooper, R., D. DeJong and R. Forsythe (1996). “Cooperation Without Reputation: Experimental Evidence from Prisoner’s Dilemma Games.” Games and Economic

Behavior 12, 187-218.


John Duffy and Jack Ochs "Cooperative Behavior and the Frequency of Social Interaction" working paper, April 2005.


Dal Bó, P. “Cooperation under the Shadow of the Future: Experimental Evidence from Infinitely Repeated Games.” American Economics Review, December 2005.


Ellison, G. (1994). “Cooperation in the Prisoner's Dilemma with Anonymous Random

Matching.” Review of Economic Studies 61, 567-88.


II.H.2. Sorting


Andreoni, James and  Larry Samuelson."Building Rational Cooperation"  Journal of Economic Theory, 127, 2006, p 117-154.


II.H.3. Punishments and Rewards


Fehr, E. and S. Gachter (2000), “Cooperation and Punishment in Public Goods Experiments,” American Economic Review, 90, 980-994.


Experimental Econ paper


Andreoni, James, William H. Harbaugh and Lise Vesterlund, “The Carrot or the Stick: Rewards, Punishments and Cooperation.” American Economic Review, June 2003, 93(3), 893-902.


David Masclet, Charles Noussair, Steven Tucker, and Marie-Claire Villeval "Monetary and Non-Monetary Punishment in the Voluntary Contributions Mechanism," American Economic Review, Vol. 93, No. 1, March 2003, pages 366-380.


II.H.4. Governing Ourselves


Andreoni, James and Laura Gee, “Governing Ourselves: Does Third Party Enforcement Crowd Out Peer Punishment in Public Goods Games?”

Cinyabuguma, Matthias, Talbot Page, and Louis Putterman, “Can Second-Order Punishment Deter Perverse Punishment,” Experimental Economics, 2005, 8 (2), 107-115.

Fehr, Ernst and Simon Gacher, “Cooperation and Punishment in Public Goods Experiments,” American Economic Review, 2000, 90 (4), 980-994.

Fehr, Ernst and Simon Gacher, “Altruistic punishment in humans,” Nature, 2002.

Fudenberg, Drew and Parag A. Pathak, “Unobserved punishment supports cooperation,” Journal of Public Economics, 2010, 94 (1-2), 78-86.

Gachter, Simon, Elke Renner, and Martin Sefton, “The Long-Run Benefits of Punishment,” Science, 2008, 322 (5907), 1510-.

Sutter, M., S. Haigner, and M. Kocher, “Choosing the Carrot of the Stick? Endogenous Institutional Choice in Social Dilemma Situations,” Review of Economic Studies, 2010, 77.


II.I.      Economics and Sociology?


II.I.1.   Communication and Altruism


No articles.


II.I.2.   Communication and Coordination

Andy Schotter, Yaw Nyarko and Barry Sopher,"On the Informational Content of Advice: A Theoretical and Experimental Study",Economic Theory, 2005

Andy Schotter and Barry Sopher “Social Learning and Convention Creation in Inter-Generational Games: An Experimental Study”, Journal of Political Economy, June 2003. 

Andy Schotter, "Decision Making in the Face of Naive Advice", American Economic Review,  May 2003..

Andy Schotter and Antonio Merlo, “Learning By Not Doing: An Experimental Study",  Games and Economic Behavior , 2003.

II.I.3.   Deception


Akerlof, A. (1970), “The Market for Lemons: Quality Uncertainty and the Market Mechanism,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 85, 488-500.

Brandts, J. & G. Charness (2003), “Truth or Consequences: An Experiment,” Management Science, 49, 116-130.

Charness, G. (2000) “Self-serving Cheap Talk and Credibility: A Test of Aumann’s Conjecture,” Games and Economic Behavior, 33, 177-194.

Charness, G. & M. Dufwenberg (2003), “Promises & Partnership,” mimeo.

Cooper, R., D. DeJong, R. Forsythe & T. Ross (1992), “Communication in Coordination Games,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 107, 739-771.

Crawford, V. (1998), “A Survey of Experiments on Cheap Talk,” Journal of Economic Theory, 78, 286-298.

Gneezy, U. (2005) "Deception: The role of consequences," AER.

John Duffy and Nick Feltovich: "Words, Deeds and Lies: Strategic Behavior in Games with Multiple Signals" forthcoming in the Review of Economic Studies.


II.I.4.   Networks


No articles.


III. Other Stuff That Shouldn’t Matter But Does


III.A.   Sex and Beauty


Andreoni, J., Vesterlund, L., 2001. Which is the fair sex? Gender differences in altruism. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 116 (1), 293–312.


Vesterlund, Lise and Muriel Niederle. “Do Women Shy Away from Competition? Do Men Compete Too Much?” Download in PDF


Andreoni, James and  Ragan Petrie."Beauty, Gender and Stereotypes: Evidence From Laboratory Experiments." January 2004.


Mark and Tanya, AER 2006


III.B.   Preferences for Competition


Niederle, Muriel and Lise Vesterlund (2007). “Do Women Shy Away From Competition? Do Men Compete Too Much?” The Quarterly Journal of Economics Vol. 122, No. 3, 1067-1101 [link]


III.C.   Race



III.D. Audience